Phonics involves the relationship between sounds and their spellings. The goal of phonics instruction is to teach students the most common sound-spelling relationships so that they can decode, or sound out, words. This decoding ability is a crucial element in reading success. Phonics instruction plays a key role in helping students comprehend text. It helps the student map sounds onto spellings, thus enabling them to decode words. Decoding words helps in the development of word recognition, which in turn increases reading fluency. Reading fluency improves reading comprehension because as students are no longer struggling with decoding words, they can concentrate on making meaning from the text. Phonics instruction improves spelling ability because it emphasizes spelling patterns that become familiar from reading. Studies show that half of all English words can be spelled with phonics rules that relate to one letter to one sound. Explicit instruction is the most effective type of phonics instruction, especially for children at risk for reading difficulties.
Following are ways you can help strengthen your child’s phonics’ skills:
(Source: Scholastic.com/teachers/article/understand-phonics; Involving Parents in Their Children’s Reading Development by Bruce Johnson, published by Treasure Bay)